The Role Bacteria Plays in Incontinence


In order to understand the role that bacteria plays in urinary incontinence, one must understand the way scientists understood bacteria’s habitation in the human urinary system. The urinary tract has long thought to have been a clean and sterile environment where no bacteria can grow. Since urine is constantly being produced and expelled from the system, it was thought, there was not enough time for bacteria to grow therein. Until today, researchers did not have the invasive tools needed to examine the growth of bacteria in the urinary system. As of today, however, the proverbial floodgates have opened and we now know more than ever about what is causing urinary incontinence.

The Cause of Urgency Incontinence May Lie In Bacteria

It was originally thought that urgency incontinence was caused by weak muscles, psychosomatic triggers, and abnormal signaling that prompted the bladder muscles to contract involuntarily. Unfortunately, these factors only seemed to account for about 3/5ths of the cases. That is, not all of the urgency incontinence cases could be explained by these causes.

Scientists and researchers continued to search for the other underlying conditions that made 2/5th of cases respond adversely – or not respond at all – to treatments catered to the above conditions. Researchers at the university of Oregon Health and Science University recently published a study in Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, and found that that the bacteria that live in the urinary tract may hold the answers we seek (Source).

Bacteria Discovered In Urinary Tract

Even when clinical cultures come back negative, there still may be a host of biological life (i.e. bacteria) in the urinary tract. These bacteria may be responsible for many of the symptoms individuals with incontinence face. Researcher’s’ goal was to find how the urinary microbe is different between women with urgency urinary incontinence, and women without urgency urinary incontinence.

Healthy Bacteria: Key Differences Between Women With and Women Without Incontinence

They collected urine samples using a transurethral catheter and sequenced the samples with Illumina MiSeq., afterwards, processing them with workflow package QIIME. What that basically means is that the bacteria samples obtained were unadulterated or mismatched with other bacteria that may have come from external tissues. The findings were sound and suggested that there is a community of bacteria that live in the urinary tract! The most surprising finding: women with urgency urinary incontinence had less bacteria than women without urgency urinary incontinence.

This bacteria community creates a “microbial diversity” in women with urgency urinary incontinence. Between women with and women without urinary incontinence, it was discovered that women with actually had 14 less types of bacteria on average. The more severe your urinary symptoms, the less bacteria you are likely to have.

The Difference Between Healthy and Unhealthy Bacteria

We need both good and bad bacteria in our bodies. An unhealthy balance of good versus bad bacteria can be what leads to you feeling unhealthy or ill (Source). Bad bacteria can multiply and grow, leading to irritation, inflammation, and infection. Left untreated, bad bacteria can also contribute to a variety of health problems. Probiotics, defined as good bacteria actually help with a variety of bodily functions including digestion and homeostasis. Probiotics also help reduce the occurrence of urinary tract infections, a real concern for individuals afflicted by urinary tract.

Incontinence Underwear For Men and Women

Incontinence briefs and incontinence panties by Wearever are designed to minimize the bacteria that cause unpleasant odors. Bonded waterproof outer layers prevent leakage and spotting, while inner layers wick away moisture from the body while absorbing stray urine. The middle layer, made with Agion™ antimicrobial fibers prevent bad bacteria from multiplying and growing out of control.

Dedicated To Awareness and Further Education

At Wearever we are dedicated to bringing you the most current news relating to urinary incontinence. We wish to give our readers methods in which to better understand their conditions and any new remedies that are on the horizon. Until next time, stay dry!

Botox Is Helping Women With Incontinence


Female incontinence occurs when muscles around the bladder are weak, which is why doctors recommend that kegel exercises be done to strengthen the base of one’s core in order to have better control of one’s muscles. Another method that has achieved success is neural stimulation – a process by which one’s neural network is stimulated in order to increase the activity around the bladder and kidneys, giving those who suffer from the condition better control of the area.

But a new treatment, botox, may actually be better than neural stimulation. The results found in a study by Dr. Cindy Amundsen of Duke University, published on October 4th, may provide an alternative course of treatment to women suffering from incontinence. The treatment is not without its side effects, however, but its beneficent promises – as well as the findings of the study – are explored in greater detail here.

The Population Studied

The study took place between February 2012 to January 2015. It involved 381 women at 9 medical centers in the United States. These women were recorded to have at least six urgency incontinence episodes over three consecutive days; they were in this study because other lesser treatments (like reducing water and coffee intake, doing kegel exercises, etc.) had not helped. Participants were randomly assigned to receive either sacral neuromodulation or a 200 unit injection of onabotulinumtoxinA (botox). 189 received the former while 192 received the latter. The average age of each participant was 63 years.

The Results

This landmark study served as the first randomized trial comparing the effectiveness of two FDA approved methods for female incontinence; the first being nerve stimulation – which must be done with surgery, and the second being botox – which is less invasive and can be done with injections.

“What we have learned from the study is the treatments are both good and it will just help inform physicians and patients who are trying to make a decision between these two therapies,” Amundsen said in an interview with NBC. Both treatments proved to be statistically significant and both helped women overcome the symptoms associated with urinary incontinence.

Female incontinence, which affects between 25 to 45 percent of all women is one of the most common conditions worldwide. However, the embarrassment caused by this issue leads many women to under report their symptoms and conditions to their doctor. Interestingly, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive Kidney Diseases, which is part of the National Institute of Health, remarked that women experience urinary incontinence twice as often as men (Source). The reasons are many, including pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, as well as the anatomical layout of a woman’s female urinary tract.

A DIfferent Kind Of Botox Treatment

So what does this mean for women that may want to get botox? How does the treatment work exactly – does one go in for a face, chin and neck touch-up and come out of the doctor’s office with lessened urinary incontinence urges? Not exactly.

Side Effects

Dr. Amundsen explains that the botox treatment is not superior to the nerve stimulator, otherwise known as InterStim, rather the two methods both provide beneficent effects and come with their own side effects. It will be up to the individual and their doctor to choose which treatment is right for them.
Although botox appeared to work slightly better than the InterStim, women given botox had a greater risk of urinary tract infections. Botox did increase the risk of UTIs and need for self catheterizations. Botox patients had a risk of UTI of 35 percent, compared to 11 percent when compared to the InterStim.


Readers may be wondering as to the cost of these two procedures, however, the study didn’t compare the cost of the treatments. Luckily they are both covered by insurance, including Medicare.

For a low cost solution that is less invasive, women should consider incontinence panties. Incontinence panties, unlike disposables last up to 200 washes. Alternating between two pairs can keep you dry for a year – without having to look bulky in adult underwear or diapers.


For women that desire less intrusive incontinence solutions, we recommend opting for our incontinence panties and incontinence bed pads. The researchers of the Duke University study will need to follow their 381 participants for two more years in order to obtain exact data on which solution is most cost effective, however, we here at Wearever already have the data in! If you’re looking for ways to manage your urinary incontinence, you can’t find a lower-prices product than Wearever brand incontinence underwear.


Incontinence Friendly Recipe: Honey-Soy Broiled Salmon


Enjoy this healthy and easy recipe that’s ready in under an hour! Cooler temperatures are no reason to stop eating fresh, so serve up this delicious salmon with rice and sautéed vegetables for a complete meal.


1 scallion, minced

2 tablespoons soy sauce

1 tablespoon rice vinegar

1 tablespoon honey

1 teaspoon minced fresh ginger

1-pound salmon fillet, skinned and cut into 4 portions

1 teaspoon toasted sesame seeds


  1. Whisk scallion, soy sauce, vinegar, honey and ginger in a bowl until the honey is dissolved.
  2. Place salmon in a plastic bag.
  3. Add 3 tablespoons of the sauce mixture to the bag. Set the remaining sauce aside.
  4. Place the bag in the refrigerator for 15 minutes.
  5. Preheat your broiler.
  6. Line a small baking pan with foil and coat with cooking spray.
  7. Transfer the salmon to the pan, skinned-side down. Discard the marinade.
  8. Broil the salmon for 6 to 10 minutes.
  9. Drizzle with remaining sauce and garnish with sesame seeds, if desired.

Recipe adapted from Eating Well. Are you interested in learning more about how dietary restrictions can help improve incontinence symptoms? Read more here.

10 Apps for Caregivers and Incontinence Support


In 2015, Pew Research Center released survey results showing that 68 percent of U.S. adults now own a smartphone and about 45 percent now own some form of tablet. With the growing number of smartphone users, there are now apps available for those with incontinence and caregivers as well. Check out the top 10 apps we found below:

  1. GreatCall Link: The app provides caregivers with peace of mind during their day to day lives. A caregiver can monitor a loved ones leaving and arriving home, as well as viewing a list of their daily activities to ensure they are doing well. In the case of an emergency, the caregiver is notified of the date, time and type of help provided.
  1. Bladder Diary: Users can track their fluid intake and urine output, which can assist in conversation with medical professions to better understand their level of incontinence and track treatment success.
  1. Sit or Squat: Users can find the nearest public restroom anywhere in the U.S.
  1. Kegel Kat: Reminds users to practice kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.
  1. Kegel Trainer: Provides easy to follow Kegel exercises and daily reminders for men and women to strengthen pelvic floor muscles.
  1. Waterin: This app provides reminders to drink more water throughout the day. Users can set personal water consumption goals and track their intake.
  1. Water Your Body: Users can program their personal information and determine how much water they need to drink on a daily basis, then they can track their intake.
  1. SparkRecipes: This app provides 500,000 recipes with the ability to search recipes to help meet specific dietary restrictions or preferences.
  1. HealthyOut: Eating out with dietary restrictions can be challenging, but this app helps you find and order at healthy restaurants anywhere in the U.S.
  1. CareZone: A free app for users that features a profile to log information about your loved one. You can invite other friends and family members to join as “helpers” to keep everyone on the same page. It also assists with medication management by tracking type, dosage, pharmacy and more.

Have you used your smartphone or tablet to help with your incontinence symptoms or to care for a loved one? We’d love to hear from you!

Bladder Problems and Incontinence In Men

Incontinence in Men

When discussing bladder problems, conversation around the topic is usually reserved for women. However, bladder issues can also affect men, most notably those over the age of 60. As men age, the muscles around the bladder begin to weaken, and a host of problems can present themselves if left unchecked. Fortunately, the warning signs are visible ahead of time and there are measures that men can take earlier on in life in order to prevent bladder issues and incontinence. This article will help you identify these warning signs so that you may take preemptive measures towards better health.

The urinary tract system is a complicated place. Kidneys, nerves, muscles, and the prostate have to work in unison to eliminate urea, urine and other waste that the body produces. For men, a blockage can occur when damage is done to any part of the urinary tract system, explained here in detail.

Each day the kidneys filter out about 120 to 150 quarts of blood to produce about 1 to 2 quarts of urine. A healthy urinary tract is important because it filters extra fluid from the bloodstream, helping to make red blood cells strong. It also keeps bones strong by keeping electrolyte levels stable.

Overactive Bladder

One of the problems that can begin early in life is an overactive bladder. Overactive bladder is characterized by a constant urge to urinate, difficulties controlling flow, bladder leaks and nighttime urination. According to a report by Bel Marra Health, nearly 30 percent of the 33 million Americans that live with an overactive bladder are men.

Overactive bladder most commonly presents itself early on in a young child’s life when he wets the bed. This can be caused by simply drinking too many fluids before bedtime. Other times it may be caused by weak muscles – precisely the muscles that control the stoppage of urine. If you know the male side of your family is genetically predetermined to experience issues relating to the prostate, you may have experienced overactive bladder or nocturia as a child. An all natural way to remedy this is by strengthening your core and also by doing kegel exercises. Learning to control nocturia may be as simple as drinking less fluids before bed, and training your body to “hold it in” until you wake up in the morning.

However, if the cause of your overactive bladder is an enlarged prostate, then you may need to seek more serious medical options. When in your teens, 20’s and 30’s it is best to stay ahead of the problem by strengthening your core and becoming the master of your own bladder.

Enlarged Prostate (BPH)

There are two periods in a man’s life in which his prostate will grow: one during early puberty, and another during a man’s mid 20’s. Enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate. BPH does not increase a man’s risk of developing prostate cancer, nor does it affect a man’s ability to father children however the warning signs can be symptomatic of a weak urinary tract area.

Some of the problems commonly associated with BPH are:

  • Weak urine stream
  • Dribbling (not being able to fully start or stop control when urinating)
  • A sense that your bladder is not completely empty even after you urinate

For a list of natural remedies for BPH click here. Some of the other treatments for BPH (and urinary incontinence in general) include:

  • Avoid alcohol and caffeine
  • Practice starting and stopping urine flow – this will strengthen your muscles at the base of your core
  • Avoid high caloric foods, including fats and sugars
  • Lose weight – there is a direct correlation between the extra weight on your midsection and excess pressure put on your bladder
  • Schedule toilet trips – go before you have to go, not when your body is putting pressure on you to go. Remember, it’s about being in control!

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is the unintentional loss of urine. Urinary incontinence can be caused by a variety of factors including weak or damaged bladder muscles, overactive bladder muscles, nerve damage or kidney damage.

Different types of urinary incontinence exist, including stress, urge, and overflow incontinence. These different types are explained here in more detail. The first step in addressing urinary incontinence is to talk with your health-care provider. The tips given above should help get you started, and will oftentimes be the first piece of advice a health care provider will issue.

However, if you have been suffering with incontinence for a longer period of time (i.e. months and years, not weeks) you may speak to your urologist or general health care provider about one of these options:

  • Physical examination – which will give your doctor a general idea about the size of your prostate and any nerve damage in the surrounding area
  • EEG and EMG – in order to measure nerve activity and muscular activity
  • Ultrasound and Transrectal Ultrasound – to get a better picture of your abdomen, bladder and kidneys
  • Urodynamic Testing – to test the strength of your sphincter control mechanism

If you or a loved one have urinary incontinence, and these above tips seem to be yielding no beneficial result, then you may have need for incontinence products. If you’ve been battling with incontinence for months and years, then it may be time to switch from disposables over to incontinence briefs.

Stress Incontinence Affects A Large Number of Women


Stress incontinence is something that many women all over the globe, both young and old suffer from or are susceptible to. Did you know that more than half of women in America who are over the age of 50 suffer from accidental urine leakage? These women tend to be embarrassed and ashamed of their disorder, being afraid to leave their house in case an accident happens while they are out. Luckily, there is a non-surgical cure for stress incontinence sufferers through the use of female incontinence products.

What is Stress Incontinence?

Stress incontinence is a manageable condition where urine leakage occurs when the sufferer coughs, sneezes, or laughs due to added abdominal pressure coupled with weak bladder muscles. Although it is rarely discussed, female incontinence is much more prominent than people assume it to be. It can severely affect a women’s quality of life as she feels she is restricted in activities that were once enjoyed such as exercise, sex, and partaking in social get-togethers,

Although men suffer from incontinence issues as well, women are twice as likely to have this bladder condition due to weakened muscles as a result of:

  • Having gone through childbirth
  • Going through or have gone through menopause
  • Are overweight
  • Low estrogen levels
  • Have had pelvic surgery in the past
  • Are enduring pregnancy

Stress incontinence goes widely unmanaged for the simple fact that women are embarrassed by it. Through various medical examinations, stress incontinence can be easily diagnosed and then managed. Your health care provider will perform various exams on you in order to properly diagnose you, such as:

  • Cystoscopy to look inside the bladder
  • Pad weight test
  • Pelvic and/or abdominal ultrasound
  • X-rays to look at kidneys and bladder

Quality Female Incontinence Products To The Rescue

Thankfully for women, there are incontinence panties available on the market which help to relieve the embarrassment associated with accidental and unwanted urine leakage. Our incontinence panties are uniquely engineered to collect and absorb urine leakage through a thin absorbent pad built into the panties themselves. These undergarments are no thicker than average cotton panties and boast all sorts of beneficial features for incontinence sufferers such as:

  1. Absorbent: Are suitable for light to heavy incontinence
  2. Easy to care for: are reusable and machine washable
  3. They look like regular panties and comine the same sizes
  4. Are economical, being able to be worn up to 300 times

Wearever incontinence panties provide daytime protection against urinary leakage, providing women with peace of mind that their leak won’t seep through or show on their clothes. The panties boast a permeable top layer which is designed to pull moisture under the top layer into the lower absorbent layer thus away from your skin keeping you dry. 

Exercises Help With Stress Incontinence

Along with using  incontinence panties, women can better the symptoms of stress incontinence through partaking in a variety of daily exercises and training in order to strengthen the muscles around the bladder. Some pelvic floor muscle training that can be done in the comfort of your own home are:

  • Kegel exercises: keeps the muscle around the urethra strong
  • Pelvic floor therapy
  • Yoga and Pilates to strengthen abdominal muscles
  • Women who are pregnant and prone to stress incontinence should partake in kegel exercises during pregnancy

Through strengthening and targeting these muscles, you can reduce and even prevent leakage issues associated with incontinence. Remember that bettering incontinence takes time and patience and with the proper absorbent undergarments in conjunction with daily muscle exercises, symptoms will lessen dramatically

Practice Proper Posture to Strengthen Your Pelvic Floor

proper posture

Kegels are a popular way for people to strengthen pelvic floors, and when practiced correctly, can be very effective. However, an easier exercise anyone can do to reduce incontinence symptoms is practicing proper posture.

Sitting up straight and aligning your body vertically helps to effectively support the pelvic floor and maintain the appropriate amount of muscle tension.

Are you intrigued, but not sure what proper posture looks like? When sitting down, look for a chair or seat that keeps your hips higher than your knees. Often, this can be achieved by simply sliding forward in the seat.

Next, you’ll want to place your feet either shoulder width distance apart or stagger them one in front of the other. Avoid crossing your legs, which increases hamstring tension and can misalign your pelvis.

Finally, roll forward on your pelvis until you feel pressure on your pubic bone. The pressure on your pubic bone signals your body’s neutral spine or natural balance point.

With these quick fixes, you can experience the confidence and comfort of proper posture as well as fewer bladder leaks.

Incontinence Supplies That Help You Get Your Life Back

How Incontinence Can Affect Daily Life


Urinary incontinence, commonly referred to as UI,  is something that is a daily inconvenience and a constant struggle for those who have it. With the appropriate incontinence supplies, involuntary leakage of urine can be managed and dealt with. The unwanted annoyance of urine leakage can severely affect the social lives of those who suffer from it which in turn can lead to self-confidence issues along with a feeling of hopelessness.

Urinary Incontinence Causes Disturbances in Lifestyle

Urinary incontinence (UI) is a bladder control issue that:

  •  Happens to nearly one in four women world-wide
  • Affects a figured 15 million adult females in the United States
  • Affects nearly 25 million Americans and over 200 million individuals globally
  •  Is the result of an overactive bladder and is most prevalent in women who have had children, are pregnant, or are menopausal which explains why there are more female sufferers than male ones

Although urinary incontinence is non-life threatening and is by no means an indication that you are unhealthy, it is still an inconvenience that has emotional side effects resulting in a lack of quality of life. For those who once enjoyed exercise and daily work-outs may find themselves no longer able to enjoy these activities due to urine leakage when pressure and stress is applied to the abdominal area. As a result, sufferers tend to me less active and less social for the simple fact that they fear leakage may occur

Urinary Incontinence and Self Esteem Issues

Self-image along with confidence and happiness is compromised when you can no longer enjoy activities that you once previously enjoyed partaking in such as exercises that put added pressure on your abs. Those who are affected may be embarrassed when an accident happens due to urine stains and a fear that people around them may smell an odor. This can result in social isolation, being afraid that those around you may notice or make commentary.

Incontinence can also severely affect:

– Sleeping cycles which can make you feel exhausted come morning time, leaving you with limited energy to enjoy your day

–  Has the power to limit your ability to do activities leaving you feeling stray and alone

– Your wardrobe: you may feel confined to certain outfits thus limiting clothing options

The Wearever Line of Incontinence Supplies

At Wearever, we are happy to bring our customers quality products that will help with incontinence in a simple non surgical fashion.

Our line of incontinence products include:

Incontinence Briefs

  • Our line of incontinence briefs for men boast superior permeable and protective layers that aid in absorbing leaks. They come in various fits and styles along with sewn-in Unique-Dri pads and odor-eliminating so that you can feel fresh, clean and dry all day long. They are also an investment into your quality of life in that leakage as a result of exercise, coughing, laughing or sneezing will no longer be a worry in the back of your mind.

Incontinence Panties

  • Wearever incontinence panties for women are designed to give you your freedom, confidence, and quality of life back. They are completely discreet, having the thinness and fit of a standard panty but having the absorption of a pad. These undergarments feature sewn-in Unique-Dri pads which trap in liquid leaks where they are absorbed and instantly treated with odor eliminating antimicrobial fibers. Best of all, these panties are durable, lasting for up to 250 washes before having to be discarded making them a lucrative and economical investment both money-wise and well-being wise.

Incontinence Bed Pads

  • Incontinence bed pads are another beneficial product designed for sufferers. These bed pads are manufactured with absorbent materials in conjunction with a waterproof liner, allowing your mattress and/or furniture to stay dry when a leak occurs. Our bed pads are entirely washable and reusable making them a very economical option for those with incontinence problems. Each model is designed to bear leaks and prevent wetness from seeping through.


Incontinence-Friendly Recipe of the Month: Bacon-Wrapped New Potatoes


Are you planning a fun neighborhood barbeque or summer bash soon? Keep the grill hot and get ready for your mouth to water over these bacon-wrapped new potatoes. Particularly for those with incontinence, there are many identified ingredients that can make symptoms worse. This recipe avoids those known irritants to help diminish bladder leakage, while still packing delicious, summer flavor!


15 small new potatoes

5 slices bacon

1 (1 oz.) package ranch dressing mix

15 toothpicks


  1. Cut bacon strips into thirds
  2. Preheat an outdoor grill on low heat.
  3. Lightly oil the grate.
  4. Wrap each potato with a piece of bacon and secure with a toothpick.
  5. Sprinkle the potatoes with the powdered ranch dressing mix.
  6. Place the wrapped potatoes on the grill, turning the potatoes several times to allow the bacon to cook on all sides.
  7. The potatoes will be done when the bacon is crispy, approximately 20-25 minutes.

By using smaller potatoes and ever-popular bacon, this will create a side dish that’s sure to deliver delicious flavor with minimal prep work. Enjoy summer evenings and this tasty dish as a compliment to grilled chicken or steak and veggies! Recipe adapted from AllRecipes.

5 Things You Can Do to Ease Incontinence Symptoms


Here are five habits you can adopt to decrease symptoms of incontinence and get back to what’s most important to you!

  1. Quit smoking

Studies show bladder control problems are three times more likely to occur in women who smoke cigarettes than those who don’t smoke. Some believe the nicotine found in cigarettes can aggravate the bladder. Also, chronic coughing is a side effect of smoking, which can lead to bladder leakage.

  1. Create a diet that works for you

Foods such as dairy, caffeine and alcohol are known irritants for those with incontinence symptoms. In addition, despite being full of Vitamin C, the acid in citrus fruits makes them irritants for incontinence symptoms. Finally, it is recommended to limit sugar intake and carbonated drinks.

  1. Stay on top of your water intake

While it may be tempting to limit your fluid intake to avoid accidents, this actually only makes it worse. It’s recommended to consume between half an ounce and an ounce of water daily for each pound of weight. Not drinking enough water can lead to dehydration, constipation and kidney stones.

  1. Watch the scale

Extra pounds put added pressure on the pelvic floor muscles, which can contribute to incontinence issues. In addition, excess weight is associated with Type 2 diabetes, which can injure the nerves in the bladder and bowel areas.

  1. Find an exercise routine you enjoy

It doesn’t have to be an intense workout regimen, but even a 30-minute walk makes a difference and keeps your body active and flexible. Try to find a routine that makes sense for your lifestyle and mobility.

These small daily changes can make a huge difference in reducing the symptoms of incontinence. Which changes will you be making?